Maryland Criminal Code § 5-601 makes it illegal to possess, or attempt to procure, a “controlled dangerous substance”. A person convicted of this statute can be sentenced to imprisonment up to four years. If, however, the “CDS” is marijuana, the maximum imprisonment is one year. Maryland law does reduce the penalty for possession of marijuana to $100, if used for a medical condition.

Maryland Criminal Code § 5-602 makes it illegal to distribute “CDS” or to possess a quantity to indicate an intent to distribute. Conviction can result in imprisonment up to five years. For a Schedule I or Schedule II narcotic drug, the length of imprisonment can be up to twenty years.

CDS listed under Schedule I include heroin and marijuana. Cocaine is listed under Schedule II. These Schedules include opium derivatives, hallucinogens, and depressants.

The list of controlled dangerous substances is extensive. One part of Schedule I – there are five Schedules – lists these as CDS:

(i) acetylmethadol;
(ii) alfentanil;
(iii) allylprodine;
(iv) alphacetylmethadol, except levoalphacetylmethadol;
(v) alphameprodine;
(vi) alphamethadol;
(vii) benzethidine;
(viii) betacetylmethadol;
(ix) betameprodine;
(x) betamethadol;
(xi) betaprodine;
(xii) clonitazene;
(xiii) dextromoramide;
(xiv) dextrorphan;
(xv) diampromide;
(xvi) diethylthiambutene;
(xvii) dimenoxadol;
(xviii) difenoxin;
(xix) dimepheptanol;
(xx) dimethylthiambutene;
(xxi) dioxaphetyl butyrate;
(xxii) dipipanone;
(xxiii) ethylmethylthiambutene;
(xxiv) etonitazene;
(xxv) etoxeridine;
(xxvi) furethidine;
(xxvii) hydroxypethidine;
(xxviii) ketobemidone;
(xxix) levomoramide;
(xxx) levophenacylmorphan;
(xxxi) morpheridine;
(xxxii) noracymethadol;
(xxxiii) norlevorphanol;
(xxxiv) normethadone;
(xxxv) norpipanone;
(xxxvi) phenadoxone;
(xxxvii) phenampromide;
(xxxviii) phenomorphan;
(xxxix) phenoperidine;
(xl) piritramide;
(xli) proheptazine;
(xlii) properidine;
(xliii) propiram;
(xliv) racemoramide; and
(xlv) trimeperidine.